First Aid Man


Breathing Problems

    For victim who has stopped breathing:
    1. Lay victim flat on back. Tilt the head back with one hand to open airway, while placing two fingers of the other hand under the chin.
    2. Clear airway, using your fingers in a hooked fashion to remove any solid or liquid obstructions.
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    3. Look, listen, and feel for respiratory movement for 5 seconds. If breathing is absent, pinch victim’s nostrils closed, take a deep breath, completely cover victim’s mouth, and give two slow, full breaths.
    4. Check for carotid pulse in neck and for signs of breathing.
    5. If pulse is present:
      For adults – continue rescue breathing at a rate of one strong every five seconds. Re-check for pulse and breathing every twelve breaths.
      For infants and small children – breathe shallow breaths at a rate of one every three seconds or 20 per minute.
    6. If pulse is not present, begin Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR).
      For adults... Exert enough pressure to depress the breastplate 1 1/2 to 2 inches. Continue compressions at a rate of "one and two and..." Every fifteen compressions should be followed with a pause by two rescue breaths.
      For children... Use the heel of only one hand to depress the breastplate 1 to 1 1/2 inches. Continue compressions at a rate of 100 per minute "one, two, three..." Every five compressions should be followed without a pause by one rescue breath.
      For infants... Use only fingertips. Apply moderate pressure to depress breastplate 1/2 to 3/4 inches. Continue compressions at a rate of at least 100 per minute. Every five compressions (3 seconds) should be followed without a pause by one rescue breath.