First Aid Man


Burns and Scalds

DO NOT clean burns or break blisters. DO NOT remove any clothing that sticks to burn. DO NOT apply grease, ointment or medication to a severe burn. DO NOT use cotton or material with loose fibers to cover burns.
First Degree Burn

Redness or discoloration of skin surface; mild swelling and pain.

TREATMENT

  1. Apply cool, wet cloths or immerse in water. DO NOT use ice.
  2. Blot gently; apply a dry, sterile pad if necessary.
  3. Usually medical treatment is not necessary; however, if severe exist, call for professional medical help. Be alert for signs of shock.

Second Degree Burn

Deep burn with red or mottled appearance; blisters; considerable pain and swelling; skin surface appears wet.

TREATMENT

  1. Apply cool, wet cloths or immerse in water. DO NOT use ice.
  2. Blot gently; apply a dry, sterile pad if necessary.
  3. Usually medical treatment is not necessary; however, if severe exist, call for professional medical help.
  4. If arms and legs are affected, elevate above heart level.
  5. Burns may be deep and potentially serious, requiring medical treatment depending on extent and location. Be alert for signs of shock and infection.

Third Degree Burn

Deep tissue destruction with a white or charred appearance; no pain. Call for professional medical help immediately. Be alert for signs of shock.